Magazine

Apr 13, 2015

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp

Germany marks the 70th anniversary of the liberation of the Buchenwald concentration camp by the U.S. army on April 11, 1945. Buchenwald concentration camp was a German Nazi concentration camp established on the Ettersberg near Weimar, Germany, in July 1937, one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps on German soil, following Dachau's opening just over four years earlier. Prisoners from all over Europe and the Soviet Union—Jews, Poles and other Slavs, the mentally ill and physically-disabled from birth defects, religious and political prisoners, Roma and Sinti, Freemasons, Jehovah's Witnesses (then called Bible Students), criminals, homosexuals, and prisoners of war—worked primarily as forced labor in local armaments factories. Today the remains of Buchenwald serve as a memorial and permanent exhibition and museum

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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The slogan 'Jedem das Seine' meaning 'Each to his own' is pictured at the internal side of the main gate of former Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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Nuns walk on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A red carnation is placed on a stone marking the location of Block 27 on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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Nuns walk on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A red carnation is placed on a stone marking the location of a barrack on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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Lit candles are placed under photos of prisoners inside an arrest cell in the former Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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Red carnations are attached over the slogan 'Jedem das Seine' meaning 'Each to his own' at the internal side of the main gate of former Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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Carnations are placed outside an arrest cell in the former Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A visitor sits on the ground in the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A plaque with a text is placed inside an arrest cell in the former Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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Red carnations are attached over the slogan 'Jedem das Seine' meaning 'Each to his own' at the internal side of the main gate of former Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A rose is placed on the pathology table in a dissection room next to the crematorium in the former Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A visitor stands in front of a watchtower behind a fence on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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Nuns walk on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A part of the text from Psalm 78:6 is seen on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

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A red carnation is placed on a stone marking the location of Block 27 on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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Flowers are placed on the pathology table in a dissection room next to the crematorium in the former Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

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Nuns visit the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A fence is pictured on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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People with anti-Nazi flags walk past the crematorium on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A red carnation is placed on a stone marking the location of a barrack on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A memorial to the Sinti and Roma victims is pictured on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A fence is pictured on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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Ovens of the crematorium are seen in the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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Ovens of the crematorium are seen in the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

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A fence is pictured on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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Flowers are placed in a ovens of the crematorium in the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

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Picture shows the silhouetted entrance of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A fence is pictured on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A man wearing a kippah visits the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A rose is left on the ground in the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A man holds an Israeli flag as he visits the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A man holds an Israeli flag as he visits the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

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A woman holds a rose as she visits the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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Holocaust survivor Goldfinger tells people how he survived as she visits the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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Survivor Mischtschuk from Ukraine arrives to the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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A rose held by survivor Mischtschuk from Ukraine is silhouetted through Ukrainian flag as he arrives to the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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U.S. veterans who freed the camp and survivor Goldfinger arrive to the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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Survivor Mischtschuk from Ukraine arrives to the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
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U.S. Ambassador to Germany Emerson and his wife Kimberly look at an exhibition at the Buchenwald Nazi concentration camp during the marking of the 70th anniversary of the camp's liberation POOL/REUTERS

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Survivor Alexander Butschuk gestures as he arrives to the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS

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