World famous Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer has died at the age of 104. Niemeyer had been battling kidney and stomach ailments in a Rio de Janeiro hospital since early November. His death was the result of a lung infection developed this week, the hospital said, little more than a week before he would have turned 105. President Dilma Rousseff, whose office sits among the landmark buildings Niemeyer designed for the modernist capital city of Brasilia, paid tribute by calling him “a revolutionary, the mentor of a new architecture, beautiful, logical, and, as he himself defined it, inventive.” His body will lie in state at the presidential palace.

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A view of the Contemporary Art Museum (MAC) designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer in Niteroi city near Rio de Janeiro February 7, 2006. Niemeyer designed the MAC, a giant replica of a flying saucer resting on a cement pedestal, in the 1990s. REUTERS/Sergio Moraes

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The Brazilian National Museum, designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer, is seen in Brasilia April 7, 2010. The dream was big. In just a few years, Brazil would build a modern capital in the middle of a savanna, an experiment in egalitarianism that would also shift power toward the center of the vast country. As Brasilia turned 50 years old on April 21, 2010, vestiges of that dream live on in Oscar Niemeyer's soaring architecture, the uniform residential apartment blocks, and the plane-like city shape that legend has it was meant to signal the Latin American giant's take-off. REUTERS/Ricardo Moraes

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Statues of angels hang in Brasilia's Cathedral designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer, in Brasilia April 14, 2010. The dream was big. In just a few years, Brazil would build a modern capital in the middle of a savanna, an experiment in egalitarianism that would also shift power toward the center of the vast country. As Brasilia turned 50 years old on April 21, 2010, vestiges of that dream live on in Oscar Niemeyer's soaring architecture, the uniform residential apartment blocks, and the plane-like city shape that legend has it was meant to signal the Latin American giant's take-off. REUTERS/Ricardo Moraes

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Itamaraty Palace designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer, is seen in Brasilia April 17, 2010. The dream was big. In just a few years, Brazil would build a modern capital in the middle of a savanna, an experiment in egalitarianism that would also shift power toward the center of the vast country. As Brasilia turned 50 years old on April 21, 2010, vestiges of that dream live on in Oscar Niemeyer's soaring architecture, the uniform residential apartment blocks, and the plane-like city shape that legend has it was meant to signal the Latin American giant's take-off. REUTERS/Ricardo Moraes

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The Brazilian National Congress designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer is seen in Brasilia April 7, 2010. The dream was big. In just a few years, Brazil would build a modern capital in the middle of a savanna, an experiment in egalitarianism that would also shift power toward the center of the vast country. As Brasilia turned 50 years old on Wednesday, vestiges of that dream live on in Oscar Niemeyer's soaring architecture, the uniform residential apartment blocks, and the plane-like city shape that legend has it was meant to signal the Latin American giant's take-off. REUTERS/Ricardo Moraes

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A view of the footbridge designed by renowned architect Oscar Niemeyer that connects Rocinha slum to the Rocinha Sport Complex. Sergio Moraes/REUTERS

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Men remove a sign with the name of the Niemeyer Center in Aviles. Eloy Alonso/REUTERS

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Christmas decorations are seen at the Brasilia Cathedral in Brasilia. Ueslei Marcelino/REUTERS

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A security official walks next to the National Congress building designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer in Brasilia. Ueslei Marcelino/REUTERS

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Planalto Palace shows new lighting scheme after it was inaugurated on the 45th anniversary of the .... Reuters Photographer/REUTERS

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Brazilian architect Niemeyer speaks at office during interview in Rio de Janeiro. Bruno Domingos/REUTERS

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Copan, Latin America's largest apartment building with some 1,600 units, still stands out in Sao Paulo 35 years after it was built. Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer gave the colossal 38-floor structure a curving, S-shape, a distinctive feature that has made it a landmark in a city of towering concrete structures. The building is being renovated to make life more livable for the 4,000 people who call it home. Paulo Whitaker/Reuters

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View of the Contemporary Art Museum (MAC) designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer in Niteroi. Sergio Moraes/REUTERS

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Man walks past next to Capanema building designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer in Rio de Janeiro. Sergio Moraes/REUTERS

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Tourists take pictures in front of Metropolitan Cathedral designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer in Brasilia. Jamil Bittar/REUTERS

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General view of Oscar Niemeyer's Museum which was designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer in Curitiba. Cesar Ferrari/REUTERS

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A general view of Brasilia, capital of Brazil, seen here on April 19, 1990, will be 30 years old on April 20. Brasilia was inaugurated in 1960 after being moved from Rio de Janeiro. The city was designed by architects Oscar Niemeyer and Lucio Costa and was constructed over a three-year period. Designed for 500,000 people, the city has grown to almost 2 million inhabitants. Shown (L-R) are the Cathedral, Government Ministries, the Congress and the Presidential Palace. Gregg Newton/REUTERS

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Brazilian soccer legend Pele and architect Oscar Niemeyer present the plans for the Pele Museum in Rio during a press conference. STRINGER Brazil/REUTERS

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Construction workers operate at the Niemeyer Center, a cultural complex designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer, in Aviles. Eloy Alonso/REUTERS

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Construction workers operate at the Niemeyer Center on the day of the inauguration of its dome in Aviles. Eloy Alonso/REUTERS

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The Oscar Niemeyer foundation, a building designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer, is seen on the day of its opening in Niteroi. Bruno Domingos/REUTERS

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Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer looks at Copacabana beach from his office after an interview with Reuters in Rio de Janeiro in this June 16, 2003 file photo. Renown Brazilian architect Niemeyer, who won the prestigious Pritzker Prize in 1998, will celebrate his 100th birthday on December 15, 2007. REUTERS/Sergio Moraes/File

Dec 06, 2012